Despite record auto recalls and rising highway deaths, Congress is ignoring changes sought by safety advocates and proposing giveaways to the auto and trucking industries that the Obama administration and others say could make matters worse.
A House Energy and Commerce subcommittee is holding a hearing Wednesday on a Republican-drafted auto safety bill. One provision would require the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration prepare recall notices in coordination with automakers and prevent the agency from making safety defects public until automakers supply a complete list of identification numbers for all affected vehicles. That would effectively give automakers control over the disclosure and timing of recalls, Mark Rosekind, head of the safety administration, said in testimony prepared for the hearing.
The bill also requires that a majority of the members of NHTSA committees developing cybersecurity and technology standards for increasingly computerized and connected vehicles be made up of officials from industries the agency regulates. That could “seriously undermine NHTSA’s efforts to ensure safety,” Rosekind said. “Ultimately, the public expects NHTSA, not industry, to set safety standards.”
Safety advocates were most critical of what’s not in the bill. For example, there’s no increase in the maximum fine of $35 million per violation that can be levied against automakers who don’t report safety defects or flout recall rules. The administration has recommended the limit be raised to $300 million, and safety advocates called for elimination of any limit.
There’s also no increase in money for NHTSA to hire more staff to investigate potential safety defects and oversee automakers despite complaints from Rosekind and others that the agency doesn’t have enough people to go through the safety complaints it receives to spot trends.
The agency “just doesn’t have the capacity to do its job,” said Joan Claybrook, a former NHTSA administrator and co-chair of Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety.
The bill also doesn’t include provisions long sought by safety advocates to require that rental car agencies and used car dealers repair recalled vehicles before renting or selling them. A transportation bill passed by the Senate in July would require rental car agencies, but not used car dealers, to make the repairs.
There was a record 63.7 million vehicles recalled in the U.S. last year, more than double the previous record set in 2004. So far, 40 million cars and trucks have been recalled this year, putting 2015 on track for the second most recalled vehicles. Congress has held 10 hearings on auto safety defects over the past two years.
Critics are overstating the ability automakers would have to delay recalls under the GOP bill’s provision requiring the government to coordinate with manufacturers, said Wade Newton, a spokesman for the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers. Manufacturers would still have to provide NHTSA with vehicle numbers within five days, he said.
Automakers oppose increasing the limit on fines NHTSA can levy because the Justice Department already has the authority “to go well beyond” the NHTSA cap, he said, pointing to a $1.2 billion fine for hiding safety defects agreed to by Toyota last year under a settlement with the department.
The day after the commerce committee hearing, the House transportation committee is scheduled to consider a bipartisan bill that would force the government to remove safety ratings of truck and bus companies from a public website and lower the minimum age for interstate truck drivers to 19 1/2.
The ratings system was created by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration in 2010 in response to deadly truck and tour and interstate bus accidents to help people learn about the safety record of companies they are considering using. The trucking industry, which objects to the government’s methodology, has been lobbying against public disclosure of the safety scores, saying they don’t necessarily reflect a carrier’s overall safety record.
The trucking industry has also been pushing for lowering the minimum age for interstate truckers, currently set at 21, to help relieve a shortage of drivers. The minimum age for truck drivers who don’t cross state lines is 18.
The Senate transportation bill would lower the interstate age to 18 for a limited number of states who join a pilot program. The House bill sets a higher age, but effectively allows all states to participate in the pilot program, said safety advocate Jackie Gillan.
“You’re taking about 18 and 19 year-olds driving cross country for long hours under grueling circumstances,” she said. “ruck driving isn’t easy at all.”
The two House bills are expected to be wrapped together in the next few weeks into a larger measure that lays out federal transportation policy for the next six years.
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