Transportation officials are reviewing the “safety culture” of the U.S. agency that oversees auto recalls, a senior Obama administration official said Friday. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has been criticized by lawmakers and safety advocates for not acting aggressively enough regarding millions of vehicles with defective airbags or faulty ignition switches.
A special Transportation Department team is examining whether “we have the dial set correctly on risk management and our safety posture in general” throughout the department, especially at the safety administration, said the official, who asked that he not be named as a condition of briefing reporters. The safety agency is part of the Transportation Department.
Announcements related to the review are expected in the coming weeks, the official said. The White House is also expected to nominate an administrator to run the troubled agency within the next two weeks, he said. The previous administrator, David Strickland, left the agency in December just before the recall controversies erupted.
Further action also is possible involving airbag inflators made by Japan-based Takata Corp., the official said. The inflators can rupture, ejecting shrapnel in a crash. Safety advocates say the problem has caused four deaths and multiple injuries. So far automakers have recalled about 12 million vehicles worldwide due to the problem, but recalls in the U.S. have been limited to vehicles registered in regions with high humidity. Millions more vehicles could be affected if the airbag recalls are extended nationwide, according to safety advocates.
No firm cause of the problem has been identified. Takata and the safety administration are investigating the impact of prolonged absolute humidity, which is a measure of the moisture content in the air, on chemicals that propel the airbags in a crash. They’re looking into whether moisture in the air can cause the chemicals to explode with too much force, causing metal parts to fracture.
On Wednesday, the safety administration warned the owners of an additional 3.1 million vehicles to get their airbags checks repaired because of the potential danger to drivers and passengers. The agency has previously issued a warning covering 4.7 million cars and SUVs.
“The investigation is not over,” the official said. “What has happened this week is an initial round of actions, but I wouldn’t assume there wouldn’t be future actions related to it.”
At least 29 people have died and 27 people have been seriously injured in crashes involving General Motors cars with defective ignition switches, according to attorney Kenneth Feinberg, who was hired by GM to compensate victims. He is examining 184 death claims and 1,333 injury claims that have been filed since August.
The defective switches can unexpectedly move to the “accessory” or “off” positions, shutting down the engine and knocking out power steering and brakes. With engines shut off, people can lose control of their cars and crash. If that happens, the air bags won’t inflate.
GM has admitted knowing about the problem for more than a decade in small cars such as the Chevrolet Cobalt. Yet it didn’t begin recalling the 2.6 million small cars until February.
The safety administration received a police report and numerous consumer complaints about the switches over the years, but didn’t recognize the seriousness of the problem. Agency officials blamed GM for withholding key information from the government.
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