Phillips 66 to Convert Storm-Hit Refinery to Oil Export Terminal

By Erwin Seba | November 9, 2021

HOUSTON — Phillips 66 on Monday said it would convert its Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse, Louisiana, to an oil terminal, after a short-lived attempt to sell the hurricane-damaged facility.

The 50-year-old oil refinery was severely damaged after several feet of water flooded it during Hurricane Ida in August. The complex sits about 20 miles (32 km) south of New Orleans on the Mississippi River and has its own docks to receive and ship petroleum.

The conversion will further reduce U.S. oil-processing capacity, which shrank by 4.5% last year as demand for motor fuels tumbled. U.S. motor fuel demand has largely recovered from last year’s drop, with jet fuel about 20% below pre-pandemic levels.

The conversion to an oil storage and export facility is expected to occur in 2022, the company said. Phillips 66 last month wrote down the plant’s value by $1.3 billion.

Alliance employs about 900 workers including 400 outside contractors. About 425 Phillips employees likely will lose jobs, a person familiar with the matter said.

Phillips had years ago considered shutting the facility because of poor profit margins but the U.S. shale oil boom gave it a temporary reprieve, said Garfield Miller, an investment banker at Aegis Energy Advisors.

“They went back to the original thinking,” said Miller.

A Phillips spokesperson was not available for immediate comment.

Phillips had begun marketing the 255,600 barrel-per-day (bpd) refinery before Ida’s flood waters swamped the facility, causing tens of millions of dollars in damage to its electrical and oil processing equipment.

Potential buyers including Hilcorp, Valero Energy and Saudi Aramco’s Motiva Enterprises had looked at the facility, people familiar with the matter have said.

“Our decision was a difficult one, and we understand it has a profound impact on our employees, contractors and the broader Belle Chasse community,” said Phillips 66 Chief Executive Greg Garland.

Three other U.S. Gulf Coast refineries have been offered for sale this year. The conversion brings to six the total number to have stopped processing oil or that have closed during the COVID-19 pandemic.

U.S. refining capacity is about 17.9 million barrels per day, down about 5.8% since 2019 from closures, according to a Reuters tally.

Refinery closings in the United States are drawing to a end, said Andrew Lipow, president of Lipow Oil Associates. A few more could shutter because of new regulations or “where they see the cost of a turnaround … and they shut down,” said Lipow.

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