A steep drop in metal thefts since 2014 is likely due to new laws designed to record sales, according to a new report by the National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB).
In 2014, a total of 12,630 metal theft claims were processed. That number dropped by 23 percent to 9,699 in 2015 and dropped even more–47 percent—in 2016 to 5,103. Compared with 2014, insured metal thefts were down a whopping 60 percent in 2016.
During this three-year period, 28,040 insurance claims for the theft of copper, bronze, brass or aluminum were handled — 27,450 of them (98 percent) involving copper. When copper theft claims frequency is compared to the monthly average price of copper, there is a statistically-significant correlation between the two.
The top five states for metal theft claims over this period were Ohio (3,060), New Jersey (2,661), Pennsylvania (2,435), New York (2,005) and Illinois (1,448).
The top five Core-Based Statistical Areas generating the most metal theft claims were New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (2,068); Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (1,798); Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI (1,218); Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD (832); and Cleveland-Elyria, OH (662).
Credit for these significant results is due, in large part, to the various state legislatures and municipalities that have enacted tough laws in recent years as a direct response to copper and other metal thefts. Many of these laws require scrap yards and other buyers of metal to document the transaction and require proof of identity to discourage thieves from trying to cash in. The laws passed in recent years may now be bearing fruit.
In addition to new laws, consumers have an increased awareness of the problem and are taking steps to protect themselves against this kind of crime.
But this is no time to relax. Individuals need to continue doing their part to prevent these kinds of thefts by simply being vigilant in their neighborhoods and business communities. If dwellings remain unoccupied for extended periods of time, they become magnets for unlawful behaviors. Wire and plumbing stripping are among the activities that are routinely discovered in these locations.