MSHA to Publish Pattern of Violations Final Rule

January 20, 2013

Labor Secretary of Labor Hilda L. Solis announced a final rule to strengthen safety in the nation’s most dangerous mines.

Solis said that the rule, which revises the Mine Safety and Health Administration’s pattern of violations regulation, seeks to ensure that mine address the most hazardous safety problems in their mines. It also strengthens MSHA’s hand to respond to dangerous mining conditions.

“The tragedy at the Upper Big Branch Mine should not be forgotten. It exacted a terrible toll on the nation, coal miners’ families and coal companies. Over the last three years, the Labor Department has undergone a serious and comprehensive evaluation of mine safety practices, and that has led to reforms to protect America’s miners. The rule we are announcing today will hold mine operators accountable when they disregard life-saving safety measures,” Solis said.

Joseph A. Main, assistant secretary of labor for mine safety and health, said the final rule “will help prevent another tragedy such as occurred at the Upper Big Branch Mine.

Mains aid the rule promotes consistency in applying the pattern of violations (POV) notice as an enforcement tool, provides for a more transparent process and emphasizes operators’ responsibility to comply with safety and health standards and monitor their own compliance.

Under the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977, MSHA is required to issue a POV notice to any mine operator that demonstrates a disregard for the health and safety of miners through a pattern of significant and substantial violations. An S&S violation is one that contributes to a safety or health hazard that is reasonably likely to result in a reasonably serious injury or illness.

The POV final rule places the MSHA in a better position to identify operators that demonstrate a disregard for the health and safety of miners and have not responded to other enforcement measures.

“There has been recognition by many that the system has been broken, with no mine being placed on POV status until 2011 — 33 years after the law went into effect,” said Main. “MSHA should not be prevented from taking action to protect the lives of miners for months, or even years, while we await the final outcome of citations and orders that a mine operator can easily contest. The new rule addresses those flaws.”

The following are among the final rule’s major provisions, according to mining officials:

  • Allows MSHA to issue a POV notice without first issuing a potential POV notice.
  • Eliminates the existing requirement that MSHA can consider only final orders in its POV review.
  • Establishes general criteria and procedures that MSHA will use to identify mines with a pattern of S&S violations.
  • Reinforces mine operators’ responsibility for compliance with MSHA safety and health standards and for monitoring their mines’ compliance.
  • Clarifies that MSHA will consider a mine operator’s effective implementation of an MSHA-approved corrective action program as a mitigating circumstance in its POV review, if the program contains definitive benchmarks implemented prior to POV notice, and the operator has reduced S&S violations.
  • Restates the statutory requirement that, for mines in POV status, each S&S violation will result in a withdrawal order until a complete inspection finds no S&S violations.

In April 2011, MSHA launched an online monitoring tool that enables mine operators, miners and the public to determine how a specific mine matches up with the criteria for a potential pattern of violations. Under the final rule, the online tool will continue to be available to measure compliance performance against POV criteria.

The POV rule is the third regulation MSHA has issued aimed at preventing coal mine dust explosions, such as the one that occurred at the Upper Big Branch Mine. MSHA issued a final rule to improve rock dust standards on June 21, 2011, and a final rule on underground coal mine examinations April 6, 2012.

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